What is BRRRR?

Buy, Rehab, Rent, Refinance, Repeat

BRRRR is an acronym that stands for Buy, Rehab, Rent, Refinance, and Repeat. It is a real estate investment strategy that involves a series of steps to acquire, improve, and leverage properties for long-term wealth creation. The strategy is particularly popular among real estate investors seeking to build a portfolio of income-generating properties. Here's a breakdown of each step in the BRRRR strategy and how mortgages play a role:


Investors start by identifying and purchasing a distressed or undervalued property. This could be a property in need of renovation, a foreclosure, or a property below market value.


After acquiring the property, investors perform necessary renovations and improvements to increase its value. The goal is to enhance the property's appeal and rental income potential.


Once the renovations are complete, the property is rented out to tenants. Rental income helps cover ongoing expenses, including mortgage payments, property taxes, and maintenance costs.


After the property is rehabbed and rented, investors seek to refinance the initial purchase and renovation costs with a new mortgage. The refinance is based on the property's increased appraised value, which is a result of the improvements made.
◘ The new mortgage obtained through refinancing pays off the original acquisition and renovation loans. Investors aim to secure a mortgage that covers a significant portion of their total investment in the property.
◘ The refinanced mortgage ideally has more favorable terms, such as a lower interest rate, which can improve cash flow.


With the proceeds from the refinance, investors can repeat the process by using the funds to acquire and renovate another property. This allows investors to recycle their capital and build a portfolio of income-generating properties over time.

Key Points Regarding Mortgages and BRRRR

Initial Mortgage

The first step involves securing an initial mortgage to purchase the property. This mortgage covers the acquisition cost, and investors often seek financing options with favorable terms.

Rehab Financing

Depending on the extent of renovations, investors may use additional financing options, such as construction loans or personal funds, to cover the rehab costs.

Refinancing Mortgage

The refinance step involves obtaining a new mortgage based on the property's improved value. This new mortgage pays off the initial mortgage and any additional financing used for renovations.

Loan-to-Value (LTV) Ratio

The success of the BRRRR strategy often depends on achieving a favorable loan-to-value ratio during the refinance. Lenders typically have maximum LTV ratios, and investors aim to refinance at a ratio that allows them to access a significant portion of their invested capital.

Cash Flow Considerations

Investors should carefully analyze the potential cash flow of the property after refinancing to ensure that rental income covers mortgage payments and other expenses.

Using Wholesaling as a Tool with BRRRR

Collaborating with a real estate wholesaler while implementing the BRRRR method can be a strategic approach to finding under-market value properties that need rehab. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to work with a wholesaler to execute the BRRRR strategy:

Build Relationships with Wholesalers

Network with local real estate wholesalers or join real estate investment groups to connect with individuals who specialize in finding distressed properties.

Clearly Communicate Your BRRRR Criteria

Clearly communicate your criteria for BRRRR deals to the wholesaler. This includes the desired location, property type, purchase price, estimated renovation costs, and potential after-repair value (ARV).

Establish a Relationship and Agreement

Build a relationship with the wholesaler based on trust and transparency. Consider formalizing the relationship with a written agreement that outlines your criteria, the wholesaler’s responsibilities, and compensation arrangements.

Receive Wholesaler's Property Leads

Wholesalers will provide you with leads on potential properties that meet your BRRRR criteria. These are often distressed properties that can be acquired at a below-market price.

Evaluate Properties

Conduct thorough due diligence on each property provided by the wholesaler. Assess the property’s condition, renovation needs, and potential ARV. Verify that the numbers align with your BRRRR investment goals.

Negotiate with the Wholesale

Negotiate with the wholesaler to secure the property at a price that allows for a profitable BRRRR strategy. Discuss the wholesaler’s fee and ensure that the overall deal meets your financial objectives.

Perform Rehab and Renovations

Once you’ve acquired the property, proceed with the rehab and renovations. Work with contractors to ensure that the improvements add value to the property.

Manage the Property as a Rental

After renovations are complete, transition the property into a rental. This generates rental income, helping to cover ongoing expenses and improve the property’s overall financial performance.

Coordinate the Refinancing Process

Work with a lender to initiate the refinancing process. Provide documentation on the property’s improved value, rental income, and your overall financial profile.

Refinance to Pull Out Equity

With a successful refinance, you should be able to pull out a significant portion of your invested capital, ideally achieving a loan-to-value (LTV) ratio that aligns with your goals.

Repeat the Process

Continue working with the wholesaler to identify and acquire additional BRRRR opportunities. As you recycle your capital through refinancing, you can repeat the process to build a portfolio of income-generating properties.